13 CEREALS, GRAINS, TUBERS For both environmental and health reasons, there is a pressing need to vary the types of grains and cereals grown and eaten. The inclusion of a variety of sources of carbohydrates supports the ambition to enable a shift towards a greater variety of nutritious foods. 

12 BEANS, LEGUMES, SPROUTS Plant-based protein sources are included to support a shift towards eating more plants and fewer animals. Beans and legumes also enrich the soil in which they are grown and support the recovery of land as part of crop rotation. 

18 VEGETABLES With very few exceptions, most people around the world do not get the recommended amount of at least 200 grams (or three servings) of vegetables per day. Vegetables are nutrient packed and can easily and affordably be added to commonly consumed meals. 

3 MUSHROOMS Mushrooms are included because of their nutritional benefits and unique ability to grow in areas unsuitable for other edible plants. Their texture and umami flavour enable them to be adequate meat alternatives. 

4 NUTS AND SEEDS Nuts and seeds serve as plant-based sources of protein and fatty acids (omega 3 and 6) which can support a transition away from meat-based diets while ensuring optimum nutrition. They can be added to a wide variety of dishes for extra crunch and a nutrient boost. FOCUS ON SAVOURY FOODS Most calories consumed are from savoury meals. To make the greatest impact on global food choices, the foods in this list can all be used in savoury meals. 

1. Laver seaweed

2. Wakame seaweed

3. Adzuki beans

4. Black turtle beans

5. Broad beans (fava beans)

6. Bambara groundnuts/Bambara beans

7. Cowpeas

8. Lentils

9. Marama beans

10. Mung beans

11. Soy beans

12. Nopales

13. Amaranth

14. Buckwheat

15. Finger millet

16. Fonio

17. Khorasan wheat

18. Quinoa

19. Spelt

20. Teff

21. Wild rice

22. Pumpkin flowers

23. Okra

24. Orange tomatoes

25. Beet greens

26. Broccoli rabe

27. Kale

28. Moringa

29. Pak-choi or bok-choy

30. Pumpkin leaves

31. Red cabbage

32. Spinach

33. Water cress

34. Enoki mushrooms

35. Maitake mushrooms

36. Saffron milk cap mushrooms

37. Flax seeds

38. Hemp seeds

39. Sesame seeds

40. Walnuts

41. Black salsify

42. Parsley root

43. White icicle radish

44. Alfalfa sprouts

45. Sprouted kidney beans

46. Sprouted chickpeas

47. Lotus root

48. Ube (purple yam)

49. Yam bean root (jicama)

50. Red Indonesian (Cilembu) sweet potatoes